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Tips for filling up the CAO form






As many students are busy preparing for their mocks at the moment, worrying about the CAO is bound to bring extra stress.

However, students are urged not to worry unnecessarily. Applicants who have registered ahead of the January 20 early bird deadline at 5.15pm will have received their CAO number and they can add/change courses up February 1, also at 5.15pm. For those who have not yet registered, you can do so on and the discounted application fee of €30 applies up to the early deadline of January 20.


There is a fee of €45 thereafter for those who register after and before the normal closing date of February 1. Students will be asked to submit personal and contact details, school details, indicate if you wish to apply for the HEAR (Higher Education Access Route) and/or DARE (Disability Access Route to Education) schemes, for exemptions from minimum entry requirements, for the maintenance grant and to input the courses you are interested in.


For students who are completely undecided at this stage, don't worry. You can revisit your choices when the Change of Mind Facility opens on May 5 until July 1, at 5.15pm. In the meantime, the following steps will help:


  1. Think about the type of person you are, your aptitudes, interests, qualities, strengths, subjects or tasks that you enjoy.
  2. Talk to those who know you well such as parents, teachers, your guidance counsellor and to those who have studied the courses you are interested in.
  3. Research the detail of the courses by checking out all the modules you will study over the duration of the course. This detail can be found on the college websites.
  4. Check the entry requirements for the course, which must be met if you are to be considered eligible.
  1. There are some restricted courses which must be included before February 1, so applicants are encouraged to consult the CAO handbook to check these courses.
  1. Put your choices in genuine order of preference. This is the golden rule of filling the CAO form. Points are based on supply and demand therefore they rise and fall every year and students won't know the cut off points for 2020 until the first round offers are issued in mid-August.


  1. The key tip at this stage is make sure not to miss any of the deadlines, all of which are available on Students applying for the HEAR and DARE schemes must complete these forms by March 1 and send supporting documentation by March 15. See for more details of both schemes and speak to your guidance counsellor. Application Information Sessions for both schemes take place nationwide tomorrow (Saturday, January 11) with Institute of Technology, Tralee hosting the event for Kerry from 10am-2pm.





Information on key dates see



Niamh Dwyer is a guidance counsellor in Scoil Phobail Sliabh Luachra, Rathmore and is PRO of the Kerry Branch of Guidance Counsellors. She can be contacted on




Fossa School says ‘bonjour’ to French classes



Fossa National School is giving its pupils a headstart in learning a new language.

The school signed up to Language Sampler scheme as part of the ‘Say Yes to Languages’ initiative in primary schools organised by Post Primary languages Ireland in 2021. This is the school’s third year running the module.

Hélène Olivier-Courtney, the school’s French teacher and director of French For All Killarney School of French, covers ten schools in Kerry over the three terms.

The success of the initiative relies on an all-school approach and the active involvement of class teachers and management.

“The whole staff in Fossa certainly helped make this new journey a special and enjoyable experience for the children as we learnt French through art, songs, games and food tasting! This year, we also organised a catwalk on our last day. Our sixth-class students will have such a head start before secondary school and most importantly will have develop curiosity interest and love for the language,” said Hélène.


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Opinion: Silent majority needs to stand up and call out far-right hate



By Chris Davies

Last Friday’s Dublin Riots should not have come as a surprise to anyone. It has been bubbling under the surface of Irish society for a good number of years now. The actions of a small minority last week was a culmination of years of racism, hatred and misinformation shared online by far-right groups.

Late on Friday night a disturbing WhatsApp voice note was doing the rounds on social media where a far-right actor could clearly be heard encouraging violence on the streets of Dublin. 

“’Seven o’clock, be in town. Everyone bally up, tool up…Any foreigner, just kill them”

Watching the Riots unfold on social media brought me back to when I was working in Dublin a number of years back. My morning commute from Skerries to the city centre involved a dart to Connolly Station followed by a short trip on the Luas to the Jervis. Every week, without fail, I would witness at least one racial slur or attack on someone who didn’t fit the narrow minded view of what an Irish person should look, dress or talk like. I don’t know if it is the eerie silence of public transport that seems to amplify the situation, but that’s where I found it to be most common. The abuse was usually perpetrated by a group of youths or someone who was clearly under the influence of drink or drugs. The victims were always of colour, often dressed smartly enough to presume they were on their way, or coming from work. A far cry from the perpetrators who you could tell were roaming aimlessly around the city looking for trouble.

While shameful to admit, I would often look on and watch the abuse unfold, only to spend the rest of my work day thinking about the poor person who was told to “F*&K off back to your own country”. I would sit at my desk questioning why I didn’t step in and say something. There were one or two occasions where I did step in and call it out, but not nearly often enough.  

This disgusting behaviour is much more visible in our cities. Since moving back to Killarney I wouldn’t witness as much direct abuse on the streets but working with the Killarney Advertiser I would be tuned in to local news and some of the comments I read on our social platforms are far worse than anything I witnessed during my time in Dublin.  

There is a significant group of people in Ireland that I would call the ‘silent majority’. We are not as outspoken on issues we care about. We tend to observe and consume the news quietly, and only speak of our support or disgust on certain issues in close circles, too afraid we might offend someone. The problem with this is that we are leaving these far-right groups unchallenged, to become louder, more aggressive and more hostile as seen last week. 

The past week Sinn Fein and the Social Democrats have been busy in the media expressing no confidence in Justice Minister Helen McEntee and Garda Commissioner Drew Harris but I would suggest that there is a large percentage of the Irish population that bears some of the responsibility. We witness racism in our communities and online every day and we need to start speaking up and calling it out. 

On the issue of immigration in Killarney, there is no doubt resources are being stretched and our tourism industry is suffering as a result of an influx of immigration. Locals have also raised concerns in relation to the placement of so many male international protection applicants in one setting and we only have to look back on the incident in Hotel Killarney last year where a number of men were involved in a harrowing stabbing incident to see how that played out.  

However, being concerned around immigration is not the same as anti-immigration. It is important to raise these issues with local representatives and Kerry TD’s but also to separate ourselves from far-right groups who are only interested in encouraging violence.  

The anarchy we witnessed last week should never be the answer and research shows it is completely unnecessary. Harvard University have looked at hundreds of protests over the last century, and found that non-violent campaigns are twice as likely to achieve their goals as violent campaigns and that it only takes around 3.5% of the population actively participating in the protests to ensure serious political change.

Let’s continue to protest peacefully for issues we believe in, but stand up and speak out against people and movements in our community that incite hate and violence. 

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