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KNOW YOUR RIGHTS: Capital Gains Tax

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You dispose of an asset when you sell it, give it as a gift, exchange it or get compensation or insurance for it.

If you make a profit or gain when you dispose of an asset, you are liable to pay Capital Gains Tax (CGT) on the chargeable gain. The chargeable gain is usually the difference between the price you paid for the asset and the price you disposed of it for. You can deduct allowable expenses such as the cost of acquiring and disposing of the asset.

When you dispose of an asset, you must file a tax return for CGT by October 31 of the following year.
Although you may file your return the following year, you must pay the Capital Gains Tax in the same year as you dispose of the asset, unless the disposal is in December.

Capital gains that are exempt

Transfers of assets between spouses and civil partners are exempt from Capital Gains Tax. Transfers of assets between spouses and civil partners who are separated are exempt from Capital Gains Tax if they are made under a Separation Agreement or a court order. The transfer of a site from parent to child is exempt if it is to build the child's principal private residence but the land must be less than one acre and have a value of €500,000 or less.

There is no Capital Gains Tax on assets that are passed on death. The assets are treated as if the person who died got the assets at the same value they have on the date of death. If a personal representative disposes of the assets, they are responsible for any gains between the date of the person’s death and the date of disposal.

Principal Private Residence Relief

You may be exempt from CGT If you dispose of a property you own that you lived in as your only or main residence. This relief may also apply if you dispose of a property that you provided for free to a widowed parent or incapacitated relative to use as their sole residence.

There are some restrictions to Principal Private Residence Relief, including that you can only claim the relief for:

The part of the house that you used as your home

The time you lived in the property, with some exceptions for work or health reasons

The value of the property as you currently use it, rather than for development potential

Other exemptions

Other exemptions from Capital Gains Tax include gains from:

Betting, lotteries, sweepstakes and prize bonds

Bonuses payable under the National Instalments Savings Schemes

Government stocks

Certain life assurance policies

Moveable property, if the gain is €2,540 or less

Animals

Private motor cars

If you dispose of land or buildings you acquired between December 7, 2011 and December 31, 2014 you can get relief from CGT in certain cases.

Rate and payment of Capital Gains Tax

The standard rate of Capital Gains Tax is 33% of the chargeable gain you make. A rate of 40% can apply to the disposal of certain foreign life assurance policies and units in offshore funds. For certain windfall gains the windfall gains rate of tax is 80%.

Deductions

You can deduct allowable expenses from the chargeable gain, including:

Money you spent that adds value to the asset

Costs to acquire and dispose of the asset (for example solicitor fees)

You may also be able to deduct an allowable loss you made in the same tax year.
 

When to pay CGT

The tax year is divided into two periods:

An 'initial period' from January 1 to November 30

A 'later period' from December 1 to December 31

For disposals in the initial period CGT payments are due by December 15 in the same tax year. CGT for disposals in the later period are due by January 31 in the following tax year. For example, if you dispose of an asset in the period January to November 2022 you must pay the Capital Gains Tax due to Revenue before December 15 2022. If you dispose of an asset in December 2022, the Capital Gains Tax will be due on January 31 2023.

How to pay Capital Gains Tax

If you are registered for CGT, you must pay your CGT online using Revenue Online Service (ROS) or myAccount. If you are not registered for CGT, you must register for CGT and then make a payment using ROS or myAccount.

How to Register

You can register for CGT:

If you have a tax registration number, by sending a request through MyEnquiries

If you have never been registered for tax, by completing Form TR1 (or FORM TR1 FT for self-assessment).

How to file a tax return for capital gains

You must file a tax return on all disposals. When you dispose of an asset, you must file a return by October 31 of the following year. Though you may file your return the following year, you must pay the Capital Gains Tax in the same year as the disposal of the asset, unless you dispose of the asset in December.

If you assess yourself for tax purposes (self-assessment) you should make a tax return on Form 11.
If you are a PAYE taxpayer you should make a return on Form 12. Trusts and Estates should make the return on Form 1. If you are not required to make an income tax return you must send a CG1 Form to Revenue. You can use ROS to file your Income Tax Return (Form 11), Form 1 or Form CT1. You can post the Form CG1 or Income Tax Return (Form 12) to your Revenue office. Forms are available online or you can contact your local Citizens Information Centre.

If you need further information about any of the issues raised here or you have other questions, you can call a member of the local Citizens Information Service in Kerry on 0818 07 7860. They will be happy to assist you and if necessary arrange an appointment for you.

Kerry HELPLINE 0818 07 7860 Monday to Friday from 10am to 4pm. Alternatively you can email tralee@citinfo.ie or log on to www.citizensinformation.ie.

The National Phone Service is available on 0818 07 4000 Monday to Friday 9am to 8pm.

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Handball continues to shine in Killarney

By Con Dennehy Handball in the Killarney region can look back at 2022 as a year of continued progress, the promotion of handball in East Kerry and the introduction of […]

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By Con Dennehy

Handball in the Killarney region can look back at 2022 as a year of continued progress, the promotion of handball in East Kerry and the introduction of the sport to a new generation.

It has been a phenomenal and successful year for the Spa Killarney Club. At the Annual General Meeting of the club this week, one of the highlights of the year singled out for mention was the hosting and promotion of a One Wall National Tournament which attracted players from all over Ireland to the Killarney venue in March.

There was joy for the home club at the tournament when Currow native and Spa Killarney Club member Aoife Walsh had an impressive victory in the highly competitive Ladies B championship.

There was also an international dimension for the club in 2022 when four players took part in the European One Wall Tournament in London. At this event Eoin O’Donoghue won gold in the Open Doubles B championship where he partnered with John Joe Quirke from Glenbeigh and Brendan O’Donoghue won a silver medal in the Over 40 Doubles final.

“As a new club we were delighted with the success we achieved in 2022. In January Aoife Walsh and Sinead Moriarty took home silverware in the highly competitive She’s Ace competition in Tyrone. This really was our springboard for success during the year and resulted in some of our players competing in the One Wall national finals in Roscommon in July. We are looking forward to an exciting 2023 and hopefully welcoming new members to the club,” said Eoin O’Donoghue, PRO of Spa Killarney Handball Club.

The club rounded off a memorable year in October when they hosted the Munster One Wall championships and the Kerry Handball Board AGM in November where club members Kieran O’Brien was elected president of Kerry Handball and Brendan O’Donoghue was appointed delegate to the Kerry GAA Board.

Officers Elected for 2023/2024: Brendan O’Donoghue (Chairman), Sinead Moriarty (Vice Chairperson), David Gillespie (Secretary), Eoin O’Donoghue (PRO) and James O’Brien (Treasurer).

Open Night

Spa Killarney Handball Club will host an Open Night at the Spa GAA Club on Monday night (February 6). This will be an opportunity for attendees to savour the thrill of handball, have a taster game and meet the club players. It commences at 7pm and all over 18s are welcome.

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Kerry base confirmed for Rás Mumhan

By Sean Moriarty Preliminary details of the Rás Mumhan have been announced by Cycling Munster. The four-day international cycle race will, once again, be based at the Riverisland Hotel in […]

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By Sean Moriarty

Preliminary details of the Rás Mumhan have been announced by Cycling Munster.

The four-day international cycle race will, once again, be based at the Riverisland Hotel in Castleisland and will run from Good Friday until Easter Monday.

The final route has not yet been revealed but it is expected to follow a similar path to the 2022 edition.

Last year, due to organisational difficulties, the Rás Mumhan committee asked local clubs to take charge of each day of the race.

Killarney Cycling Club hosted the Easter Saturday leg of the race, including managing the stage start in the town centre, the Category One mountain climb at Bealach Oisin Pass and the stage finish in Sneem.

“We are looking forward to seeing everyone at Easter and we wish all the riders the best of luck in their preparations for the event. Further details to follow as they are confirmed,” said Race Secretary Sinéad Moriarty.

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