By Debby Looney, gardening expert
One plant we associate with summer days must surely be lavender. Whether or not we have ever grown anything or have a garden, we seem to instinctively feel that lavender is part of summer. It is the one plant most beginners know, and buy. However, it is worth noting that it hails from hot, dry countries, in particular southern France, but the chalky areas of England. It needs quite the opposite growing conditions to what we can offer it here in Kerry! Therefore we must help it where we can, so that we are not completely wasting our time, effort and money! It prefers slightly alkaline, well-drained conditions. Plant in full sun, south facing is best. If your soil is wet, or heavy, mix plenty of organic matter, horticultural grit and sand in with it, and even then, planting on a sloped site is preferable. If the soil is very acidic, adding lime can greatly improve growth. Lavender can be grown very successfully in pots, and tolerate the occasional drying out quite well. Try to water them in the morning so they can dry before nightfall. This will prevent mouldiness, and subsequent rotting. Keeping your plants as dry as possible over winter improves their resistance to cold.
When happy, lavender can thrive for years. Pruning is absolutely essential and contrary to some advice, I find cutting back immediately after flowering, in late summer, is best. Lavender does not ‘break’ easily from old wood, that is, buds do not easily come from old wood, therefore if plants have become woody, it is usually better to replace them. Cuttings can be taken in early autumn or spring. They are easy to root, but the cuttings often rot just after developing roots. The only way to prevent this is by providing good ventilation and not over watering.
LAVENDER AND ROSES
Lavender has long been associated with roses, and is often used as under planting or companion planting in rose gardens. Some gardeners believe it can keep aphids at bay, but I cannot attest to that! In the border, it is beautiful planted with bright green alchemilla mollis, or ladies mantel.
While there are many varieties of lavender to choose from, there are three distinct types: French (or Spanish), English, and a hybrid of the two called Lavendin. The ones we see in garden centres are usually the first two. French lavender has flowers with ‘ears’; two long petals at the top. English lavender grows better in our wet climate. It has the stronger scent, a bushier more compact growing habit, and, in my opinion, better colour.
Unfortunately, a lot of people have limited success with lavender, due mostly to our weather. Two alternatives to try are rosemary and nepeta. The scent of rosemary will evoke the same sense of summer warmth as lavender, but is much sturdier in our climate. It will flower in winter, and sporadically throughout the year, adding colour as well as scent to the garden. It can be upright or creeping, the creeping one being particularly useful in large groceries with poor soil. Nepeta, also known as cat mint is ideal to replace lavender in terms of flowering time and colour. Throughout the summer catmint is a haze of blue/mauve. It has a pungent smell which is not to everyone’s liking, but is completely hardy and reliable. A tall version, 40cm, is ‘Six Hill's Giant' and a smaller 25cm one to try is the deep blue ‘Purrsian Blue' - (not a spelling error- the creators of new varieties are playing with the ‘cat’ theme!) Nepeta disappears over winter, and the stems can be tidied away as they dieback, butchery will always return early in the new year.
Daffodils are possibly the easiest bulbs to grow
By Debby Looney, gardening expert With autumn comes the promise of spring. In other words, once September is here, we have the joy of planning, colour coordinating and choosing the bulbs which are going to bring us out of the long winter months and into the bright new beginnings of the gardening year. Suffice to […]
By Debby Looney, gardening expert
With autumn comes the promise of spring. In other words, once September is here, we have the joy of planning, colour coordinating and choosing the bulbs which are going to bring us out of the long winter months and into the bright new beginnings of the gardening year.
Suffice to say, I love bulbs. I also marvel at them each year, how such a dry, shrivelled little item can produce such blooms. I must admit, when I buy bulbs, I promise them as well as myself, that I will not spend money again next year, that this is the last time I will plant bulbs, that I now have the most beautiful choice there is, and so on. However, once the season starts, and I am faced with the photos on the boxes, not to mention the choice my ‘inbox’ receives, there I am buying again. There are always some pots or new areas that need filling!
Daffodils are one of the largest groups of bulbs and possibly the easiest to grow. They are split into 13 divisions – but no, I will not detail each one, that would be tedious! The proper Latin name for daffodil is Narcissus, named after the Greek mythological Narcissus who fell in love with his own reflection, and who, on realising this love could not be returned, melted away and turned into a flower. The most common divisions are; trumpet, which would include the common yellow daff, large and small cupped, and the pheasant eye daffs would be an example of the smaller cupped division. Tazetta are the daffs which produce more than three flowers per stem, such as paperwhites. Bulbocodiums have dominant coronas, while jonquils are generally small with five to seven flowers per stem.
How to plant them
When planting daffs, or any bulbs, make sure to plant them the right way up! The pointier side goes up – now, this might seem like common sense, but first timers and children are not always too sure. Plant the bulb down three times its own depth with a little compost or grit in the bottom of the hole. A teaspoon of bonemeal can be added in the bottom also, but make sure the bulb does not touch it. All bulbs prefer well drained soil, though daffodils do put up with fairly wet conditions.
Some great varieties to try are: ‘Avalon’, a large cupped variety with big lemon yellow flowers. The corona is paler and fades to white with age. ‘Golden Ducat’, an old and reliable double yellow daff, ‘Pink Paradise’, one of my favourites, a double daff, which is white with pink. It is also scented. ‘Merlin’ is white, with a small, bright orandge corona – it spreads well. ‘Minnow’ is a very popular dwarf daff with three pale yellow flowers to each stem, growing to about 20cm. ‘Tete-a-tete’ also remains a popular dwarf variety, it naturalises well. ‘Rip van Winkle’ is another small variety with spikey double flowers. It will not tolerate wet! ‘Thalia’ is a beautifully scented, delicate looking white variety bearing two flowers on each stem. ‘Mount Hood’ is probably the most popular and reliable large trumpeted white daffodil available.
It is well worth looking out for unusual varieties – I certainly think it is worth paying a bit extra for something different, but do put them in pots, or a special spot, where you can appreciate them!
Summer’s over, it’s time to focus on fitness
By Brian Foley from Activate Fitness For a lot of people, the summer months are a perfect time to loosen the reins a bit when it comes to fitness and nutrition, and that’s OK. With summer coming to an end, a lot of people now face a key inflection point; do you take inventory of […]
By Brian Foley from Activate Fitness
For a lot of people, the summer months are a perfect time to loosen the reins a bit when it comes to fitness and nutrition, and that’s OK.
With summer coming to an end, a lot of people now face a key inflection point;
do you take inventory of where you are in relation to your goals and double down on making progress starting today, or do you keep all things the same and just cruise into the fast-approaching Christmas, inevitably just putting your goals on hold until it comes time to set those New Year’s resolutions for 2022?
I’ve written plenty about the psychology of “Monday, January 1 etc.”, check out our blog on www.activate.ie for why we think January 1 isn’t sustainable.
It can be tough to hear but we’re almost at the final quarter of 2021. The year will wrap up soon and it’s up to you to decide how you’re going to end it.
I love the idea of compounding habits, the author James Clear (Atomic Habits) calls habits the “compound interest of self-improvement”. So let’s take a 1% improvement each day between here and Christmas.
“1%? It will take me forever to reach my goal if I just improve by 1% each day”, but that’s exactly where you are going to fail. We often look for the new shiny novelty and quick fix that promises 40% in six weeks, but we typically get nowhere near that type of return in nowhere near that timeframe. But if we focus on the process and make small incremental changes daily, that’s where the magic occurs.
One small improvement each day this autumn means you will be flying high in whatever you choose to be doing by Christmas.
Here’s a simple example:
Day 1 – Add vegetables to a meal you previously didn’t
Day 2 – Move more and get in some intentional exercise, like a walk for example.
Day 3 – Drink 2 litres of water
Day 4 – Write down your thoughts for the day and list things you were thankful for
Day 5 – Add a source of protein to a meal that previously didn’t have protein
Day 6 – Go for a longer walk than Day 2.
Day 7 – Prioritise sleep aiming to get at least 7 hours.
Think what types of habits you will accrue by day one hundred. None of the above are earth shattering huge changes, just small incremental habitual changes that keep adding on top of each other. And if we manage to stack small habitual improvement on top of small habitual improvement we get big changes that cause an overall improvement in our lives. None of the above mean you need to live like a hermit or just eat chicken and broccoli, but they do mean you have to commit to the longer term changes and give up the fads and be consistent in your thoughts and actions.
We often think the chains that hold us back are physical, where nine times out of 10 they are mental and we need to see these constraints for what they are.
As a colleague of mine @angela_kerrisk posted on social media over the weekend:
“In life, we can have results or reasons. If you are not getting the results you want, your reasons are the lies that you keep telling yourself.”
Your move. Let’s go!
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