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New sports and culture centre would celebrate Kerry’s noble history

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Eamonn Fitzgerald gives his take on Killarney’s ambitious plans to build a Kerry Cultural & Sporting Experience on the grounds of the Fitzgerald Stadium

 

Lockdown 3 on Level 5 looks like continuing for some months and sport, for the most part, has come to a standstill once more, with sporting arenas silent and waiting to come alive.

The Fitzgerald Stadium is a case in point here on the Lewis Road in Killarney. However, efforts are underway once more to resurrect the ambitious plans to build the Kerry Cultural & Sporting Experience (KCSE hereafter) on the outside field on your way into the main pitch.

The project is ‘shovel ready’ with everything in place except the necessary finance to get it over the line.

GLEESON

Cllr Michael Gleeson first mooted the idea in 2010. I spoke to him earlier this week and first asked him what was envisaged for this centre.

“This proposed KCSE would provide a family-friendly, all-weather amenity in Killarney, the home of Irish tourism. It has two main objectives. First, it would provide a central location to encapsulate and celebrate the long and noble traditions of sport in Kerry as well as its rich traditions of history, music, literature, and folklore. It would be a provision for all genders and also, of course, catering for the necessities of people with disabilities.

“Secondly, there would be a significant spin-off for the tourism sector, providing an amenity that has long been missing in Killarney to cater for visitors on the many wet days we get here in the Kingdom.

“This all-weather amenity has been long called-for by tourist interests and by Killarney Town Council.”

A retired teacher, Gleeson has a huge interest in local politics, the environment, local history, an Ghaeilge and sport. Winner of two All-Ireland medals with Kerry in 1969 and in 1970, he was a key player with the East Kerry team which won three County Championships between 1968 and 1970. He also captained the team to the inaugural All-Ireland Club Championship in 1971.

Incidentally, Donie Sheehan trained those winning teams and it’s great to hear that the 94-year-old is as alert as ever, living directly across from the Fitzgerald Stadium. I have no doubt he would be very happy to see this project get underway.

COMMITEE

I also spoke to Der Brosnan, the hard-working volunteer chairman of the Fitzgerald Stadium Committee for the past 10 years, and asked him why the committee offered a free, gratis site for the project, and if the offer still stands.

“Many people believe that the Fitzgerald Stadium is the home of Kerry football, hurling and camogie and this major project would tie in very well with our ambitions to make it more attractive for all, not just on the days of big matches. I can envisage a tour of this fine stadium, just like the tours in Croke Park and the big soccer stadia in England, which many people have experienced. We have the ideal site for the building to cater for all needs.

“We were delighted to offer a free site for this KCSE project back then and that offer still stands.”

So, what would KCSE be used for?

Kerry, Killarney, Sliabh Luachra and many other places have rich histories that need to be preserved and made accessible to the general public. KCSE can provide that accessibility.

Think of the rich musical culture of Sliabh Luachra, from Tom Billy and Patrick O’Keeffe to Denis and Julia ‘The Weaver’ Murphy, to Johnny O’Leary, Jimmy Doyle  and Jimmy O’Brien, Bryan O’Leary from Tureencahill and the Moriartys from Kilcummin.

The GAA in East Kerry and Kerry played a crucial role in the context of the fight for Irish Independence, the centenary of which will be celebrated this year. So many Kerry people played their part for the cause. They too should be remembered.

The story of the development of the Fitzgerald Stadium is also well worth telling. After the untimely death in 1930 of Killarney man Dick Fitzgerald, his local admirers set about building a sports stadium in his memory. A five-time All-Ireland football winner, author, referee and member of the Killarney UDC for so many years, he was also a staunch freedom fighter and was incarcerated in Frongoch jail for his part in the 1916 Rising.

There he became great friends with fellow inmate Michael Collins and after their releases the latter made many visits to Killarney in the subsequent years, calling in to see Small Jerh in Main Street. Margaret O’Leary, daughter of Small Jerh, still lives there. Canon Tom Looney of Park Road documented Dickeen’s life story in his meticulously researched biography, ‘King in a Kingdom of Kings’.

The Fitzgerald Stadium staged the 1937 All-Ireland senior hurling final and over the years it has attracted in excess of 45,000 spectators to Munster football finals, before health and safety regulations limited the capacity significantly.

Indeed, I have very happy memories of watching from the Michael O’Connor Terrace the All-Ireland Athletics Championships staged there up to the seventies. I was particularly thrilled to see Rás Tailteann cyclists Gene Mangan, Mick Murphy, Dan Aherne, Johnny Drumm and others in action, as well as high jumpers Brendan O’Reilly (RTÉ) and Mick Spillane, of course. The Fossa man was a mighty high jumper.

Kerry’s wonderful tradition of cycling and athletics would be remembered in the KCSE.

EDUCATION IN KILLARNEY

There is a great tradition of education provision in Killarney, from Inisfallen Monastery (Brian Ború) and Lough Léinn (Lake of Learning) to the arrival of the brothers and nuns to establish their schools in the 19th century.

Technical and vocational education was first established in 1920. Thankfully, the primary and post-primary service continues unbroken down to the present day. The town schools are continuing the wonderful work in Ballycasheen and in the New Street/New Road areas, even if it is causing traffic chaos there.

Not to be forgotten are Filí Móra Chiarraí, An Spéir Bhean agus Fr Patrick Dinneen.

KSCC would house a theatre for exhibitions, performances and seminars. I have great ‘meas’ in the local Dóchas drama group, but they have no place to call their own and must be fed up of waiting for the conversion of Áras Phádraig to a theatre. How long is that going on, or will it ever happen? Exhibitions would be staged, inviting people to visit such locations as Listowel (literature), The Blaskets and Sceilig with an interactive interpretative provision developed for Star Wars.

HISTORY
The story of the Brownes and Lord Kenmares from 1596 to 1985 needs to be housed and the history associated with the great buildings in Killarney, such as the Pugin-designed Cathedral, Presentation Convent and the Old Mon.

There is the story of the development of the railway to Kerry and the subsequent branch lines all there to be made available. During the lockdowns many people became very interested in local history and genealogy. The KCSE working in tandem with Killarney and Kerry library service could make it all possible in our own doorstep.

One could see it as an ideal location for the memorabilia of that historic Killarney man, Monsignor Hugh O’Flaherty. Great work was done some years ago erecting that wonderful life-size statue on Mission Road and wall plaques highlighting his achievements. He was credited with his heroics during World War II, saving 6,500 Jews from death in the Nazi gas chambers. However, there is so much more memorabilia from the life of the Mangerton View man and there is no suitable place to display it. KCSE would solve that dilemma.

 

PLAN

Under the chairmanship of Liam Chute, Park Road, a working committee of 12 local people did all the necessary preparatory work back in the early 2000s. The working group had representatives from Killarney tourist interests, Killarney Town Council, Kerry County Council, the GAA at Kerry, Munster and Croke Park levels, as well as educationalists.

They drew up building site plans, costed them, submitted them and were approved for full planning permission in April 2012. This has since been extended to April 2022. It will provide the most up to date multimedia audiovisual amenities. Also it can provide for demonstrations, and workshops for hurley-making, crafts and Irish food displays.

Inspired by the rich history of education in Killarney, this one location would cater for the needs of local students and also foreign students coming to Ireland to further their academic studies. I feel that the Irish diaspora market, particularly the second generation Irish-American students researching their family roots, genealogy and traditions, would bring the desired spin-off for the local tourism interests.

An innovative dimension provides for interactive areas for skills challenges such as puck, solo, catching, dribbling, kicking to interactive simulation screens as used by golfers, who go to a professional for lessons. The patrons could learn the perfected skills as demonstrated on bigger stages by people such as Gooch and Mike Lenihan.

Enthused by the skill displayed in the archives by the big sports stars, the young, budding stars could run out through a tunnel hearing all the sound/video images on to the pitch where some daydreams might merge into reality.

Great sporting achievements would be presented from the archives gallery with commentary from Micheál O’Hehir, Micheál Muircheartaigh, Weeshie Fogarty and others. Adults and youngsters could don the headphones in the interactive commentary booth to record their own commentary on a match or a race. It would also provide a home for the Radio Kerry archives as well as a collection of memorabilia such as jerseys, boots, old medals, programmes etc.

COST

A very detailed business plan fully costed at €3.5 million, or a more elaborate one costing €5 million, was prepared for the various interested parties. A combination of loans and grants from interested agencies, both statutory and non-statutory, would provide most of the money before it became self-financing, which is the desired aim of the working committee.

The 13,000 square metre building as outlined above will also have a café and merchandise and gift area.

It was estimated at the time the project was granted full planning permission that an average of 1.5 million visitors came to Killarney annually, second only to Dublin in tourism footfall. No wonder at that and the great news this week is that Killarney came second as a litter-free place. Take a bow all the voluntary litter-pickers we admire daily on the streets and roads around Killarney. Maith sibh uilig. If everyone could be so civic minded…!

The costed business KCSE plan was based on a realistic target level of 87,000 customers and the business would generate operating profits of €170,000.

Based on operational costs (and creating some jobs) the break-even number of customers paying an entrance fee of €5 (with certain concessions for family, OAPs, unemployed) would be 67,000 and the whole centre would in time be self-financing.

The plan set the realistic target level of visitors to the centre at 87,000, considering the high visitor footfall to Killarney, and therefore profit-making.

 

HAVE YOUR SAY

The proposed KCSE would be much in demand, especially on the wet days. There are many other Kerry men and women who could also be honoured. What do you the readers think of the proposed Kerry Cultural & Sporting Experience, as Liam Chute’s working group launches another bid to get the centre over the line?

If you have a viewpoint, email us at sport@killarneyadvertiser.ie!

 

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Eamonn Fitzgerald: Keane should know 11 of his 15 starters

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Kerry manager Peter Keane speaking with David Moran after the Super 8s match against Mayo in 2019. Pic: Eóin Noonan/Sportsfile.

As Kerry ramp up towards the championship, Eamonn Fitzgerald gives his assessment of their preparations to date.

One certainly learns more from defeat that from victory, so what has Peter Keane and his management team learned from the 2020 debacle?

In fairness to the Kerry management, they have opened up the panel, brought some new players into the fold. They will bring them along hoping they will be in contention for places in the resurrection, which occurs when they start the 2021 championship campaign with a home game versus Clare in the Fitzgerald Stadium.

Tomorrow, Kerry will meet Tyrone in the NFL semi-final. Their league title is at stake. Too many supporters give them no credit for winning the 2020 National League.

If Kerry win and Dublin win as expected, there won’t be a league final and it will be a shared title. That is disappointing for the players. The GAA should have done better and ensured they a final had to be played.

IDEAL PREPARATION

Peter Keane and the Kerry players have had the ideal preparation for the championship. Three competitive league games so far and one more tomorrow. The Kerry selectors used the matches wisely, trying out as many players as possible to see which combination will deliver success.

Injuries forced their hands for all games and some established players were rested. That gave game time to so many players.

That huge win over Galway in Tralee was a great morale booster. They ran up a big score, inflicting a 22-point defeat on Galway, the worst ever margin of defeat for the Westerners. It was magical stuff, Kerry going at them from the throw-in and imposing their game on hapless Galway.

In my report I said that one swallow does not make a summer, but that one swallow was most welcome and hopefully the rest of the flight would follow to make a summer of delight in Kerry.

The eagerly awaited clash with the Dubs did not disappoint. Kerry were like the proverbial curate’s egg, good and bad in patches. Leaking three early goals was ominous. Had we learned anything about basic defending?

Dublin went seven points clear and looked odds-on to make it a 10-point win, but Kerry responded magnificently hitting six unanswered points. It looked all up when Dublin converted a late penalty, but David Clifford came to the rescue in the dying minutes of the game to snatch a draw. Lessons to be learned against the top opposition. Kerry forwards are very good, but the defence is still the Achilles heel.

Roscommon proved as tough as ever, but Kerry competed well. Still that goal leakage at the back was a worry. Diarmuid O’Connor improved steadily and will start at midfield v Clare.

Tomorrow’s very competitive match v Tyrone will tell us more.

STARTING 15

I expect at this stage Peter Keane and his selectors have 11 positions filled to start v Clare. They haven’t a surplus of class players and injuries will deprive them of a full hand.

I’ve still to see the Peter Keane gameplan, his stamp on this team. Every manager in any team sport wishes his/her team to play in a certain matter. The defensive tactics in Cork failed. Thankfully, that has changed in the three league games of 2021 and that is encouraging.

The ball is going in much quicker and sooner so that the inside forwards are brought into play. They score freely and once you get the ball inside 50 metres defenders are quite likely to foul. With Seán O’Shea that’s a pointed free in most cases.

I’m not suggesting that the Kerry defenders should send the ball anywhere out of their way. Leave that to supporters of Charlton. Get it out long and accurate setting up an attack, instead of lateral passing and not progressing.

I expect that the Kerry selectors have pencilled in 11 places and the discussion really is for the remaining starting four. They will also will be very mindful of seven other subs. The starting 15 will not be the 15 that will finish. Such is the intensity of the modern game.

DEFENCE

Shane Ryan has been out injured for this league and must be doubtful for the early stages of the championship. Kieran Fitzgibbon has been catapulted into goalkeeping duties and he has performed quite well, especially playing behind a much-maligned defence.

The goalkeeper is just not alone a ball stopper, but he is called into play once the opposition start moving out the ball from the other end of the field. He can see possible developments long before his defenders do. He can see the runner, gaps opening and real danger, before defender do. They are too taken up with marking their own men. The keeper is the eyes and ears of the defenders and must be sure and vocal. It will take time for him to assert his authority and the same goes for the kick-outs. Understandably, he hasn’t always succeeded in picking out a fellow player, be it short or long. That will come. Even Cluxton had to learn.

The defence has been much-maligned and leaking so many goals substantiates that argument. In their defence they are often at sixes and sevens with extra men galloping through, because other players let their men sally up field unmarked. However, I cannot understand why this sextet – and it could be any six – do not realise that their first duty is to mark their own men. Too often they stand off their opponents and gift them the initiative.

These are elite players who have been coached in the art of defence in their own clubs since they were juveniles. Too often, some but not all, do not seem to understand that there really is no defined tackle in Gaelic football, but you can get in close. Use your hands strategically and prevent the attacker scoring or laying it off to a fellow player. That’s all legitimate and there is no need to concede a free. I could name several players at club level who operate this defensive tactic so successfully. Great Kerry backs of the past did it. I think of players such as Paudie Lynch and Mike McCarthy.

The present Kerry defenders are plenty fit enough. They need to be near their direct opponents and be pro-active instead of being reactive. Rarely is there need for a long inaccurate clearance. A hand pass, or preferably an accurate punt kick will set the Kerry forwards in motion.

The Kerry full back line should not be drawn 50 yards from goal and certainly not sprinting out as a link man into the opposition’s territory. How often have we seen it by some of these defenders? Mind the house, don’t leave the goalkeeper exposed and the goal leakage will dry up, or curtailed at worst.

I also feel that Gavin Crowley should not be lured into up field sallies. He has a very onerous job. He must mind his man and also mark space. Tim Kennelly and Mick Morris before him were not classy players but were highly effective centre-backs. No yawning gaps to allow Brian Fenton, Eoin Murchan, or Jack McCaffrey exploit this this tempting mortal sin.

Primary duty for wing backs Paul Murphy and Gavin White is to mark their own man and when the two or three opportunities arise in the game they have the explosive pace to go up field to score or assist in a score. If that run breaks down it is not as serious, as if it happened to a centre back exposing the middle for those Dublin invaders.

MIDFIELD

Midfield has been a problem area for Kerry. David Moran has given Kerry great service over many years, but I contend that he should not be on the starting 15. He may well be on the finishing 15.

I like Diarmuid O’Connor. Big, strong, mobile, well able to score when the opportunity arises, he has a great engine and has youth on his side. Who should partner him?

Jack Barry is in the frame to start, but not Tommy Walsh.

I also expect Kerry to have a Plan B. My preference is to include Seán O’Shea and Paudie Clifford in the half-forward line, one of them centrally and both tasked with helping out at midfield. The older Clifford is mobile, brave and eager and could do a very effective smash and grab possession ploy. He should start. Now he is more even-tempered than he has been in the past. He can open a defence route one and knows when to deliver to the full forward line. I feel that we can get more out of Seán O’Shea.

I hope Peter Keane doesn’t fall back on the Cork gambit where the half-forward line’s role was to go back to their own half-back line helping out. Tracking back is important, but that last-ditch ploy inevitably draws out the inside forward line. Wouldn’t David Clifford’s marker love to see him 70 yards from goal? Even Kerry’s jewel will not score from that position. Again, send in the ball quickly to Kerry’s best scorers, Clifford and whoever is with him. Paul Geaney, Paudie Clifford, Tony Brosnan and Killian Spillane are in the frame to score.

You can have all the fitness in the world, elaborate game plans and astute use of the bench, but those ingredients alone will not propel Kerry forward in a realistic bid for Sam 2021. Pride in the geansaí will oil the winning machine.

Over to you the present Kerry players, whichever 15 starts v Clare, then Tipperary followed by Cork. Bryan McMahon the former Kerry player and songster was spot on with the importance of dúchas and tradition.

“You cannot box or bottle it, nor grasp it in your hand,
But pride of race and love of place inspire a love of land
.”

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Tom O’Sullivan and Tony Brosnan start as Keane makes raft of changes

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Tom O'Sullivan, Peter Keane and Tony Brosnan. Pics: Sportsfile.

Dingle defender Tom O’Sullivan and Dr Crokes sharpshooter Tony Brosnan have been named in a much-changed starting line-up for Kerry’s National League Round 3 match against Roscommon.

The pair had missed out on Kerry’s first two matchday squads of the season but they look set to feature from the off in Dr Hyde Park on Sunday. The game will be shown live on the TG4 Player (throw-in 3.45pm) with deferred coverage on TG4 at 5.35pm.

O’Sullivan is joined in the full back line by his namesake, Graham O’Sullivan, and Jason Foley, who moves from No. 2 to No. 3. Regular full back Tadhg Morley drops to the bench.

The versatile Brian Ó Beaglaoich will line out at half back alongside centre back Gavin Crowley and there will be a first start on the other wing for Mike Breen of Beaufort. First choice wing backs Paul Murphy and Gavin White are listed as substitutes.

David Moran and Diarmuid O’Connor retain their spots at midfield as Jack Barry misses out on the 26 for the second week in a row.

Stephen O’Brien gets his first start of the year at right half forward with Ronan Buckley of Listry on the 40 and Paul Geaney at 12 for the third consecutive fixture. Seán O’Shea is named amongst the subs.

There is no place on the panel for Killian Spillane as the Clifford brothers, David and Paudie, are joined in the full forward line by Brosnan. David will captain the side in Paul Murphy’s stead.

As expected, Kieran Fitzgibbon holds on to the No. 1 jersey. Eoghan O’Brien of Churchill has been drafted into the extended panel to provide extra cover in the absence of the injured Shane Ryan, but goalkeeping coach Brendan Kealy continues to deputise as sub keeper.

Liam Kearney of Spa makes his first matchday squad of the campaign.

Roscommon, meanwhile, are expected to name their team tomorrow. Listowel native Conor Cox, who made seven appearances for Kerry before transferring to the Rossies in 2019, was a 50th-minute substitute in both of their matches to date.

Following those defeats to Dublin and Galway, Anthony Cunningham’s side will be facing into a relegation playoff semi-final whatever the outcome of Sunday’s match.

Kerry can mathematically join them in the bottom two but Peter Keane’s men would need to lose by at least 14 points and Galway would also need to beat Dublin.

Kerry team to face Roscommon

1. Kieran Fitzgibbon (Kenmare Shamrocks)

2. Graham O’Sullivan (Dromid Pearses)

3. Jason Foley (Ballydonoghue)

4. Tom O’Sullivan (Dingle)

5. Brian Ó Beaglaoich (An Ghaeltacht)

6. Gavin Crowley (Templenoe)

7. Mike Breen (Beaufort)

8. David Moran (Kerin’s O’Rahilly’s)

9. Diarmuid O’Connor (Na Gaeil)

10. Stephen O’Brien (Kenmare Shamrocks)

11. Ronan Buckley (Listry)

12. Paul Geaney (Dingle)

13. David Clifford (Fossa)

14. Tony Brosnan (Dr Crokes)

15. Paudie Clifford (Fossa)

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Adam Moynihan: So many GAA rules need tidying up

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Seán O'Shea evades the challenges of Brian Fenton and John Small. Pic: Stephen McCarthy/Sportsfile

Is there a sport in the world that alters its rulebook more frequently than Gaelic football? Every year when the first ball is thrown in, we’re left scratching our heads, frantically googling “GAA rule changes”, trying to come to terms with the latest updates to our playing protocol.

The changes to the advantage rule are causing consternation at the moment but the irony is that the game already has a number of laws that are either vague or poorly enforced. Below are just a few that come mind.

Surely it would make sense to iron these out before we even think about introducing further amendments.

1. Advanced mark. At its best (I would say less than 10% of the time), the advanced mark is a decent rule that rewards long-kicking and catches close to the goal. At its worst (the remaining 90% of the time), it’s a stupid rule that rewards nothing skills like short-kicking and unchallenged chest-catches. Plus, it abruptly stops the play for no good reason.

Of all the rule changes in recent years, it possibly holds the title of ‘most hated’. It simply has to go.

2. The tackle. You can only use one hand, but sometimes that’s a foul. You can only use an open hand, but sometimes that’s a foul. You can’t pull an opponent, but sometimes you can. You can’t push an opponent, but sometimes you can. What is a Gaelic football tackle? It’s so vague and open to interpretation. From game to game and even from tackle to tackle, you never really know what’s going to be foul and what isn’t.

It’s a difficult one for rule-makers to sort out but it’s not going to sort itself out, that’s for sure.

3. Booking both players when there’s a wrestling match. The ball is coming up the field. As the play approaches, a corner forward and a corner back become entangled and end up rolling around on the ground. Who do you think initiated that contact? Who has something to gain from that wrestling match? It’s almost always the defender. Is the forward supposed to go limp and play dead like they’re being attacked by a grizzly bear?

They have to stand up for themselves, and they shouldn’t be booked for doing so.

4. Feigning injury. The law states that attempting “to achieve an advantage by feigning a foul or injury” is a bookable offence. While the “foul” part can be tricky to spot on the fly, the latter half of the rule is generally far more black and white. Thankfully, players flopping to the ground and holding their faces when they’ve barely been touched is less prevalent in Gaelic football than it is in other sports, but it does happen. Yet how many yellow cards have been brandished for this infraction?

The shame of getting booked for playacting would be a huge deterrent and help stamp this behaviour out for good. It should be punished to the letter of the law.

5. Moving frees too far forward for dissent/impeding the kick. When a free is awarded, the penalty for dissent or impeding/slowing down the taking of the free is 13 metres. How many times have we seen an over-zealous referee bring the ball forward 20 metres or more?

I recall playing a minor game for Legion out in Rathmore. I committed a foul outside of our 65-metre line. For questioning the call, the ref carried the ball forward well inside our 45. For questioning the distance, he brought it in – and this isn’t a joke or an exaggeration – to the 13-metre line. That’s roughly 55 metres of a penalty instead of 26.

That’s an extreme example, granted, but even a five-metre bonus out the field could change the course of a match.

6. Hop balls. From the throw-in at the start of each half, every player bar the four midfielders is meant to be inside the two 45-metre lines. A metre or two encroachment here or there isn’t the end of the world, but in the 2019 All-Ireland final we saw what happens when the rule isn’t properly enforced. At the beginning of the second half, there were two extra players within the 65s by the time David Moran touched the ball down. Another six were just about to enter. One of those six, Eoin Murchan, gathered possession and scored a season-defining goal.

If a rugby or soccer player got away with being 20 metres offside from a kick-off, the referee would be demoted to the lower leagues in a flash.

Hop balls during open play are even messier. The players not contesting should be 13 metres away from the referee. The most you’d normally get is five, and that’s if the referee makes a big song and dance about it. By the time the ball reaches its apex there is invariably a sea of bodies awaiting its return to earth, and the resulting maul is anything but pretty.

Allowing the two nominated players to properly compete for the hop ball would lead to a greater possibility of clean possession, and some football as opposed to a spot of rugby.

7. Steps. Speaking of that Eoin Murchan goal… (No, I will not let it go.) The manner in which players travel with the ball is one of the most fundamental aspects of Gaelic football, yet it is arguably the least properly policed. Four steps is the rule. Four steps before you have to release the ball or hop or solo. But, of course, the inside joke is that it’s not four, is it? Not really. Sometimes five is okay. Sometimes six. You’d get away with seven. Maybe eight. Possibly nine. Ten? Ten is taking liberties. But yes, you could feasibly get away with ten as well.

Stringently enforcing this particular law might seem like a potential nightmare because players are so used to getting away with five or more steps. It would certainly prove contentious at the beginning, but everyone would adjust.

As it stands, it’s just another half-enforced rule that makes you wonder why they bothered writing it down in the first place.

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